Cairo “ The city of Wonders”

The history of Cairo dates back more than a thousand years, when the city was founded in 969 AD by the Fatimid army led by Jawhar al-Siqilli, specifically in the current area of Fustat. At that time, Cairo was the capital of the Fatimid state, and was designed in the Fatimid Islamic style, including numerous mosques, schools, markets, and gardens.

Throughout history, Cairo has witnessed many civilizations and states, sometimes serving as the capital of the Arab Islamic state, and at other times as the capital of non-Arab states, such as the Fatimid and Ottoman states. Cairo is a city of great strategic and economic importance in the Arab world, and is home to many historical, cultural, and archaeological landmarks that attract tourists from all over the world. Among the famous archaeological landmarks in Cairo are the Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum, whose history dates back to the Pharaonic civilization that flourished in Egypt more than five thousand years ago. The Pyramids, located In the Giza plateau on the outskirts of Cairo, are one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and are considered an architectural and engineering marvel. They were built during the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, and served as tombs for pharaohs and their consorts. The Egyptian Museum, located in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, is one of the largest and most important museums in the world, housing over 120,000 artifacts from ancient Egypt, including the treasures of King Tutankhamun.

Historical landmarks in Cairo:

1. Khan el-Khalili: This is one of the oldest and largest bazaars in the Middle East, dating back to the 14th century. It is a vibrant marketplace where visitors can find everything from spices and souvenirs to jewelry and textiles.

2. Islamic Cairo: This is a historic district in Cairo that dates back to the medieval period. It is home to numerous mosques, madrasas (Islamic schools), and monuments, including the Al-Azhar Mosque, the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, and the Bab Zuweila gate.

3. Coptic Cairo: This is the oldest part of Cairo, dating back to the Roman period. It is home to numerous Coptic churches, including the Hanging Church and the Church of St. Sergius, as well as the Ben Ezra Synagogue.

4. Saladin Citadel: This is a medieval fortress located on a hilltop in Cairo. It was built by the Ayyubid ruler Saladin in the 12th century and served as a military stronghold and palace for centuries.

5. Al-Muizz Street: This is a pedestrian street in Islamic Cairo that dates back to the Fatimid period. It is lined with historic buildings and monuments, including mosques, palaces, and mausoleums.

6. Cairo Tower: This is a modern landmark in Cairo that offers panoramic views of the city. It was built in the 1960s and is a popular attraction for tourists and locals alike.

These are just a few examples of the many historical landmarks in Cairo. The city is home to a wealth of cultural and architectural treasures that reflect its rich and fascinating history. In addition to its historical and cultural landmarks, Cairo is also a bustling modern city with a vibrant nightlife, shopping, and dining scene. The city Is home to many universities, including the prestigious American University in Cairo, and is a major hub for business, finance, and media in the Arab world